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Window Sash Repairs

Window sashes must be checked regularly for mold, mildew and damage. You can reduce the cost of repairs in the future by catching these issues in the early stages, before they get out of hand.

The sash is an internal frame that can move upwards and downwards in windows that open. This article will teach you how to perform easy repairs to your sash.

Weather Stripping

Wood window sashes add the classic look to your home and, when properly maintained, can last for a long time. However, they can be damaged or degrade in time because of exposure to the elements and normal wear and tear. Sash repair specialists can restore windows back to their original condition and maintain their appearance longer than replacement windows.

The first step to repair sash windows is to address weather stripping, which is found on both the sash and frame. It can cause drafts if damaged or is loose. To fix it, begin by determining your window’s brand and glass manufacturer date (etched in the corner of the glass or on the aluminum spacer between panes). Then, remove the sash and mark its height and width, so you can find new weather stripping that matches.

Then, take the sash from its holder and place it on a flat surface to allow you to access all four sides. If your sash was double-hung, you must remove the weights using their ropes that should be buried within the jamb lining. After removing the sash with the utility knife, you can remove the weather stripping from the old sash by hand or using the putty blade.

Once the sash has been cleared, you can install the stoppers that separate the two sashes. These are long pieces that separate the sashes. Pam prefers the standard 1/2-inch by 3/4 inch window trimming from the lumberyard. But, you can also substitute with a scrap piece of wood.

After removing the stopper and cutting it to length and then apply a thin layer of glazing compound on the bottom of the sash. Smooth the compound with your putty knife, and then let it dry for at least a few days. When the putty is fully cure it is possible to apply a topcoat of acrylic. This coating will protect the putty and give your sash a fresh appearance.

Sash Hardware

The hardware that supports window sashes can wear out over time and use. This can result in the window or door that is difficult to open or close. The good thing is that fixing and replacing this hardware is generally quite simple and inexpensive. If you’re having trouble opening a sash, spray some grease into the jamb channel. Then slide the sash open to see if it resolves the issue. If not, the issue is likely with the sash balance and you’ll need to remove the sash to gain access to this hardware.

The ideal situation is for window sashes to be able to open and close with very little effort, but this can be difficult if the weights become worn or if the sash’s meeting rail isn’t properly coated. This issue can be due to various reasons that include the lack of maintenance or a mismatched weight rating.

If the hinge arms of a window are starting to lose their elasticity, this could cause the sash’s to drag and eventually land on the frame in the corner that’s opposite the hinge arm (Photo 1). To fix the problem, make sure that the sash is in the proper position within the frame opening and then remove it. If the sash has been screwed to the hinge arm, you’ll need to remove the hinge arm and replace it (Photo 2). Then, you can install the new sash (Photo 3).

Old windows, repairing double glazed windows especially those in older houses, can be difficult to open and close, due to sagging hinges and an overall lack of energy efficiency. In many instances, a few easy repairs can turn these windows into smooth operation for the first time and save the homeowner money on energy bills.

It is essential to have the tools needed before you begin. Mark the location of the hinge channel on the frame (Photo 1) using a pencil. This will help you to put the channel in the right location after you’ve completed. Remove the sash and take out all the hardware, including the parting beads cords, chains, and cords that keep the sash in place. Soften any hardened putty with the help of a heat gun set at medium and equipped with a shield to block the nozzle. Remove the old sash, and store it in an labelled bag.

Sash Weights

Sash weights can be replaced to improve the performance of your window sash, and also reduce the energy cost. Sash weights are made of heavy iron or lead cylindricals that are contained in a concealed cavity and connected by ropes to the moveable window sash. They are counterbalancers, allowing the window to be opened and closed without the need for mechanical or electrical devices. If they fail, sashweights are often left unnoticed or disabled by homeowners.

It is difficult to recover a sash-weight that has fallen from the cavity, so you’ll want to find one that is suitable for the. You will also need a new piece of string, a length of the sash cord, as well as some sash pulleys that will tie the new sash weights onto the sash cord.

Mortise and Tenon joints can be used to join windows made of older wood. The wood pegs that hold the components together can be removed by pin punches and hammers. The majority of these pegs are big on one side, and smaller on the other. It is crucial to first remove the smaller diameter sides. Later sashes made use of glue instead of pins. They can be separated with a knife and mallet.

Once the sash is freed, you can remove the sash stop and gain access to the weight pocket. Usually this is accomplished by drilling an opening at the bottom of each jamb. The hole is surrounded by the wooden panel which can be removed to reveal the inside workings.

After the sash has been stopped and the access panel is removed, you can remove the weight you used and replace it. Be sure to weigh the sash prior to you begin, as the weights that were previously used may be a different size than the one you need. After the new weight is installed, you can thread the string through the sash pulling mechanism. Then, you can nail the string to the frame, but only leave a few inches of string sticking out from the head for future adjustments.

Sash Cords

In most old repairing double Glazed windows ( window the chain or cord is attached to the weights. This supports and keeps the sashes of the jamb balanced. Over time, these cords could break, repairing Double glazed windows making it difficult to raise the window. A new sash cable will restore the ability to move and lower the sash and keep it in position when opened.

To replace sash cords the first step is to remove the access panels from the jambs. They are typically installed by screws or nails and will require to be removed or repositioned. You could employ a hammer and chisel to remove them however, it is always best to lay down dust sheets prior to commencing any work.

After you have removed the access panel, you can begin working on the sash. Take the narrow beads (also known as “tie rails”) out of their grooves using a chisel or flat bar. These are often wedged in or nailed, but they can be prised free which is why it’s worth your time. If the sash is still in place, break the mortise-and-tenon joints out with a screwdriver or hammer and then take out each wood peg. You should be able to move the sash back and forth freely, although it may require oil if it feels stiff.

Take a measurement of the length of sash cord/chain needed to reach the sash slot on the bottom from the pulley located at the top of the jamb. Cut the cord/chain and then fix it using the step 6 above. You can use either a hammer, nails, or screws. However, nails are less likely than screws to cause damage.

It is best to keep the original weights in place unless you have purchased a kit to replace the old counterbalance. It’s not too expensive to purchase them from a salvage store and they will be easy to install once you’ve got the sash open. Based on the size of your window one or two sash weights could be needed to keep the sash in an open position.